This list includes studies cited in our print pages that received funding from a source other than the researchers’ home institutions. Only principal or corresponding authors are listed.
IN THE PICTURE
ITEM: White people tend to gray first, followed by Asians, then Africans.
STUDY: “Hair Follicle Pigmentation,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, December 2004
AUTHOR: Andrzej Slominski, Department of Pathology, University of Tennessee, Memphis
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The National Institutes of Health, the Center of Excellence in Molecular Biotechnology, the Polish Ministry of Science and Information, and Stiefel Laboratories, Inc. Now part of GlaxoSmithKline, a global health care company, Stiefel Laboratories was established in 1847 and introduced the first benzoyl peroxide product for acne.
ITEM: Women directed 22 percent of all narrative films shown at Sundance and only four percent of the overall top-grossing films.
STUDY: “Exploring the Barriers and Opportunities for Independent Women Filmmakers,” Women Filmmakers Initiative, January 2013
AUTHOR: Stacy Smith, Annenberg School for Communications & Journalism, University of Southern California
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Sundance Institute and Women in Film Los Angeles. The state of Utah gave the Sundance Festival $300,000 in 2012, sparking protest from conservative groups displeased with the sexual content of some of the festival’s films.
THERE'S A NAME FOR THAT
ITEM: Dunning-Kruger Effect Study: “Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One’s Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self- Assessments,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, June 1999
AUTHOR: Justin Kruger, Department of Psychology, Cornell University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The National Institute of Mental Health. The NIMH, a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, uses new information about the brain to develop better tools for diagnosis, preemptive interventions, effective treatments, and improved means of delivering mental health care.
ITEM: Being physically active has a positive impact on long-term income.
STUDY: “The effect of physical activity on long-term income,” Social Science & Medicine, August 2013
AUTHOR: Ari Hyytinen, School of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The Academy of Finland, an agency of Finland’s Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture. In 2013 the academy donated 317 million euros to support the work of some 8,000 scientific researchers.
ITEM: In the 20th century, Southern Democrats disagreed with their party on race and labor issues.
STUDY: “Limiting Liberalism: The Southern Veto in Congress, 1933 1950,” Political Science Quarterly, Summer 1993
AUTHOR: Ira Katznelson, Department of Political Science, Columbia University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The Ford Foundation. Established in 1936 by Henry Ford’s son, the foundation is America’s second-biggest, with roughly $11 billion in assets.
KEEPING UP WITH YOUR JONESES
ITEM: Studies of “marathon mice” to see the impact of exercise on the brain.
STUDY: Multiple studies
AUTHOR: Justin Rhodes, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, and Ted Garland, Department of Biology, University of California-Riverside
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Institutes of Health, National Research Service Award, and the National Science Foundation. An independent federal agency, the NSF was created by Congress in 1950 and receives an annual budget of $7 billion. It funds approximately 20 percent of all federally supported research at American colleges and universities.
THE DEVIL NEVER RESTS
ITEM: It takes more than nine minutes for sleep to be restorative.
STUDY: “Performance During Frequent Sleep Disruption,” Sleep, Volume 10, No. 4, 1987
AUTHOR: Ralph Downey, University of California-Riverside and Jerry L. Pettis Veterans Administration Hospital
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Veterans Administration Merit Review Board
ITEM: People who receive financial education are no better at managing their money than people who don’t.
STUDY: “Financial Literacy, Financial Education and Downstream Financial Behaviors,” Management Science, October 2013
AUTHOR: Daniel Fernandes, Catolica-Lisbon School of Business and Economics, Catholic University of Portugal
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The National Endowment for Financial Education, an independent group dedicated to inspiring “educated financial decision making for individuals and families through every stage of life.”