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Who Funded That? The Names and Numbers Behind the Research in Our Latest Issue

This list includes studies cited in our pages that received funding from a source other than the researchers’ home institutions. Only principal or corresponding authors are listed.
Historic Washington Hall on the Main Quadrangle of the University of Notre Dame. (Photo: Michael Fernandes/Wikimedia Commons)

Historic Washington Hall on the Main Quadrangle of the University of Notre Dame. (Photo: Michael Fernandes/Wikimedia Commons)

ITEM: The color red prompts people to focus on the component shapes within an image, while the color gray prompts them to focus more on the composite image.
STUDY: “Mediation of the Negative Effect of Red on Intellectual Performance,” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, September 2008
AUTHOR: Markus A. Maier, Department of Psychology, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
OUTSIDE FUNDING: William T. Grant Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

ITEM: Mothers prone to believe that babies purposefully misbehave are more likely to mistreat or abuse their own infants and toddlers.
STUDY: “Examining Pregnant Women’s Hostile Attributions About Infants as a Predictor of Offspring Maltreatment,” Pediatrics, June 2013
AUTHOR: Lisa J. Berlin, School of Social Work, University of Maryland
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse

ITEM: Coaching sessions for at-risk teens in Chicago led to a 44 percent drop in violent-crime arrests.
STUDY: “Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, May 2013
AUTHOR: Sara Heller, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Joyce Foundation, MacArthur Foundation, Robert R. McCormick Foundation, Polk Bros. Foundation, Spencer Foundation, Exelon Corporation, Chicago Community Trust, Russell Sage Foundation, France’s Sciences Po

ITEM: Intervention against I.S. could make the group even crueler to the locals, at least in the short term.
STUDY: “From Loss to Looting? Battlefield Costs and Rebel Incentives for Violence,” International Organization, September 2014
STUDY: Reed M. Wood, School of Politics and Global Studies, Arizona State University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Science Foundation

ITEM: Intervention could just prolong the conflict in Syria and Iraq.
STUDY: “Third-Party Interventions and the Duration of Intrastate Conflicts,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, February 2002
AUTHOR: Patrick Regan, Department of Political Science, University of Notre Dame
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Post-Conflict Fund of the World Bank

ITEM: Two studies evaluated the impact of great teachers on the lives of students.
STUDY: “Measuring the Impacts of Teachers I: Evaluating Bias in Teacher Value-Added Estimate,” and “Measuring the Impacts of Teachers II: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood,” American Economic Review, September 2014
AUTHOR: Raj Chetty, Department of Economics, Harvard University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Science Foundation

ITEM: Without bees our supermarkets would be far blander and less nutritious places.
STUDY: “Insect Pollinated Crops, Insect Pollinators and U.S. Agriculture: Trend Analysis of Aggregate Data for the Period 1992 2009,” PLoS One, May 2012
AUTHOR: Nicholas W. Calderone, Department of Entomology, Cornell University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Honey Board

ITEM: Neonicotinoid seed treatments can disorient bees and weaken their immune systems.
STUDY: “Ecotoxicity of Neonicotinoid Insecticides to Bees,” Advances in Experi-ental Medicine and Biology, October 2010
AUTHOR: Axel Decourtye, Association of Agricultural Technique, Claude Bourgelat Institute
OUTSIDE FUNDING: France Ministry of Agriculture’s European Community Program for French beekeeping

ITEM: Over a million acres of grassland were converted to crops in five Midwestern states from 2006 to 2011.
STUDY: “Recent Land Use Change in the Western Corn Belt Threatens Grasslands and Wetlands,” PNAS, March 2013
AUTHOR: Christopher K. Wright, Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence, South Dakota State University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Department of Energy’s Sun Grant Initiative, National Science Foundation’s Macrosystems Biology Program

ITEM: Researchers found that almost half the bee species had disappeared from locations near Carlinville, Illinois, over 120 years.
STUDY: “Plant-Pollinator Interactions Over 120 Years: Loss of Species, Co-Occurrence, and Function,” Science, March 2013
AUTHOR: Laura A. Burkle, Burkle Lab for Community Ecology, Montana State University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Science Foundation

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