ITEM: Music lessons improved reading performance in a group of low-income students from Los Angeles.
STUDY: “Longitudinal Effects of Group Music Instruction on Literacy Skills in Low-Income Children,” PLoS One, November 2014
AUTHOR: Nina Kraus, Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, Northwestern University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Knowles Hearing Center, National Association of Music Merchants Foundation, and Grammy Foundation
IN THE PICTURE
ITEM: The black population in the 7.2-square-mile heart of Detroit was 68 percent—down five percent from 2000. The white population grew three percent.
STUDY: “7.2 Square Miles: A Report on Greater Downtown Detroit,” Hudson-Webber Foundation, February 2013
AUTHOR: Abir Ali, Hudson-Webber Foundation
OUTSIDE FUNDING: “7.2 Square Miles” is a collaboration between the Hudson-Webber Foundation and Detroit’s regional development organizations, including the Detroit Economic Growth Corporation, Downtown Detroit Partnership, D:hive, and Midtown Detroit.
ITEM: In the nation’s largest metropolitan regions, the college-educated resident population in neighborhoods within three miles of downtown has grown faster than in the suburbs in the last 15 years.
STUDY: “The Young and the Restless and the Nation’s Cities,” City Observatory, October 2014
AUTHOR: Joe Cortright, urban economist, City Observatory
OUTSIDE FUNDING: City Observatory, a Portland-based think tank, is supported in part by the Knight Foundation.
"ON THE BRIGHT SIDE"
ITEM: College students who paid closer attention to negative information were up to seven times more likely to develop major depression at some point in their lives.
STUDY: “Cognitive Bias Modification to Prevent Depression (COPE): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial,” Trials, 2014
AUTHOR: Osvaldo Almeida, professor and chair of geriatric psychiatry, University of Western Australia
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Department of Health of Western Australia, Australian Research Council, Royal Perth Hospital, Medical Research Council of the United Kingdom, and University of Western Australia
ITEM: Mothers who received eggs from their sister or sister-in-law felt they and their donor kept the same “social roles” within the family.
STUDY: “A Longitudinal Study of Recipients’ Views and Experiences of Intra-Family Egg Donation,” Human Reproduction, October 2011
AUTHOR: Dr. Vasanti Jadva, senior research associate, University of Cambridge
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
"ONE OF THE MOST VIRAL OUTBREAKS OF NEW DRUGS"
ITEM: 44 percent of respondents who reported a history of illicit drug use said they now mainly used party pills instead.
STUDY: “Legal Party Pill Use in New Zealand: Prevalence of Use, Availability, Health Harms and ‘Gateway Effects’ of Benzylpiperazine (BZP) and Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP),” Massey University, 2006
AUTHOR: Chris Wilkins, Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation and Te Ropu Whariki Research Center, Massey University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: New Zealand Inter-Agency Committee on Drugs, and New Zealand Ministerial Committee on Drug Policy
ITEM: Over 11 percent of high school seniors reported that they had tried psychoactive substances.
STUDY: “Monitoring the Future: National Survey Results on Drug Use 1975–2012,” University of Michigan Institute for Social Research, 2012
AUTHOR: Lloyd D. Johnston, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health
"THE OUTCAST AT THE GATE"
ITEM: COSA can reduce recidivism among sex offenders by over 60 percent.
STUDY: “A U.K. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Circles of Support and Accountability Interventions,” Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, June 2013
AUTHOR: Ian Elliott, Justice Center for Research, Pennsylvania State University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: United States Department of Justice
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