Who Funded That? The Names and Numbers Behind the Research in Our Latest Issue - Pacific Standard

Who Funded That? The Names and Numbers Behind the Research in Our Latest Issue

This list includes studies cited in our pages that received funding from a source other than the researchers’ home institutions. Only principal or corresponding authors are listed.
Author:
Publish date:
National Geographic Society's administration building in Washington, D.C. (Photo: AgnosticPreachersKid/Wikimedia Commons)

National Geographic Society's administration building in Washington, D.C. (Photo: AgnosticPreachersKid/Wikimedia Commons)

SINCE WE LAST SPOKE

ITEM: Culture is not uniquely human—decades of research indicates social learning among animals. For example, whale pods in different parts of the world have developed regional singing styles.
STUDY: The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins, University of Chicago Press, December 2014
AUTHOR: Hal Whitehead, Department of Biology, Dalhousie University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Geographic Society

ITEM: The feasibility of releasing gases or particles into the atmosphere to reflect sunlight.
STUDY: “Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth,” National Academies Press, February 2015
AUTHOR: A consortium of scientists for the National Research Council
OUTSIDE FUNDING: United States Intelligence Community, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of Energy

QUICK STUDIES

ITEM: Musical training early in life may offset decreased neural inhibition later in life.
STUDY: “Musical Training Orchestrates Coordinated Neuroplasticity in Auditory Brainstem and Cortex to Counteract Age-Related Declines in Categorical Vowel Perception,” the Journal of Neuroscience, January 2015
AUTHOR: Gavin M. Bidelman, Institute for Intelligent Systems, University of Memphis
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Grammy Foundation

IN THE PICTURE

ITEM: Among children younger than six years old, there are 914 Indian girls for every 1,000 Indian boys, the lowest ratio in over 60 years.
STUDY: “Trends in Selective Abortions of Girls in India: Analysis of Nationally Representative Birth Histories From 1990 to 2005 and Census Data From 1991 to 2011,” the Lancet, June 2011
AUTHOR: Prabhat Jha, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
OUTSIDE FUNDING: United States National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institute of Health Research, International Development Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute

"TRAFFICKING IN ERRORS"

ITEM: Trafficking is probably less about sex than we think.
STUDY: “Policing Human Trafficking: Cultural Blinders and Organizational Barriers,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2014
AUTHOR: Amy Farrell, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Northeastern University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Institute of Justice

Pacific Standard, May/June 2015.

Pacific Standard, May/June 2015.

ITEM: Trafficking of minors isn’t always abusive.
STUDY: “Teenage Labor Migration and Anti-Trafficking Policy in West Africa,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2014
AUTHOR: Neil Howard, Migration Policy Center, European University Institute
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The Economic and Social Research Council

ITEM: Human trafficking isn’t necessarily a very organized crime.
STUDY: “Human Trafficking and Moral Panic in Cambodia,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2014
AUTHOR: Chenda Keo, Regulatory Institutions Network, Australian National University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Australian Research Council Relationships between pimps and prostitutes may not be all bad.

ITEM: Relationships between pimps and prostitutes may not be all bad.
STUDY: “Conflict and Agency Among Sex Workers and Pimps: A Closer Look at Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2014
AUTHOR: Anthony Marcus, Department of Anthropology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the U.S., Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, CUNY Graduate Center

ITEM: Trafficking can hide in plain sight.
STUDY: “Labor Migration and Trafficking Among Vietnamese Migrants in Asia,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2014
AUTHOR: Danièle Bélanger, Department of Geography, Laval University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: International Research Development Agency of Canada, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada

"SCORCHED"

ITEM: In 2014, farmers left roughly five percent of California’s irrigated cropland unplanted, resulting in 17,100 fewer seasonal jobs than the year before, and $800 million in crop revenue losses for the state.
STUDY: “Economic Analysis of the 2014 Drought for California Agriculture,” Center for Watershed Sciences, University of California-Davis, July 2014
AUTHOR: Daniel Sumner, Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California-Davis
OUTSIDE FUNDING: California Department of Food and Agriculture

"THE MONEY BALL TRAP"

ITEM: Whenever managers within an industry were paid well, the janitors were almost always paid well, too.
STUDY: “Inter-Industry Wage Differences and Theories of Wage Determination,” National Bureau of Economic Research working paper, June 1987

AUTHOR: William Dickens, Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Science Foundation

ITEM: When a member of a workplace duo feels short-changed relative to the other, the team’s overall productivity falls by more than if both workers have their wages cut.
STUDY: “Social Comparison and Effort Provision: Evidence From a Field Experiment,” Journal of the European Economic Association, August 2014

AUTHOR: Alain Cohn, Department of Economics, University of Zurich
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Swiss National Science Foundation

"HOW AMERICA OVERDOSED ON DRUG COURTS"

ITEM: Only about a third of all drug courts permit participants to start maintenance as the treatment component of their program; “What Judges Allow” sidebar.
STUDY: “Medication Assisted Treatment in U.S. Drug Courts: Results From a Nationwide Survey of Availability, Barriers and Attitudes,” Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, May/June 2013
AUTHOR: Harlan Matusow, National Development and Research Institutes, New York
OUTSIDE FUNDING: American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence, British health and hygiene product corporation Reckitt-Benckiser

ITEM: Sixty-four percent of drug court non-graduates were re-arrested within three years, whereas only 36 percent of graduates were. Among comparable defendants who did not participate in drug courts, just 44 percent were re-arrested in that period.
STUDY: “A Statewide Evaluation of New York’s Adult Drug Courts: Identifying Which Policies Work Best,” The Urban Institute and the Center for Court Innovation, June 2013
AUTHOR: Amanda B. Cissner, Center for Court Innovation
OUTSIDE FUNDING: United States Department of Justice

ITEM: “Who Goes to Drug Court?” sidebar.
STUDY: “Painting the Current Picture: A National Report on Drug Courts and Other Problem-Solving Court Programs in the United States,” The National Drug Court Institute and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, July 2011
AUTHOR: West Huddleston, National Association of Drug Court Professionals
OUTSIDE FUNDING: White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, United States Department of Justice

"FOREVER YOUNG"

ITEM: Over 70 percent of adults with severe intellectual disabilities live with family caregivers.
STUDY: “United States Living Arrangements of People With Intellectual and/or Developmental Disabilities in 1995,” Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, December 2005
AUTHOR: K. Charlie Lakin, Research and Training Center on Community Living, University of Minnesota
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Administration on Developmental Disabilities, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

ITEM: Between 1950 and 2011, the number of intellectually disabled Americans housed in large-scale mental health institutions fell from nearly 125,000 to under 30,000.
STUDY: “Residential Services for Persons With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Status and Trends Through Fiscal Year 2011,” Research & Training Center on Community Living, Institute on Community Integration, 2013
AUTHOR: Sheryl A. Larson, Institute on Community Integration, University of Minnesota
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Administration for Community Living of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research of the United States Department of Education

ps_break1.jpg

For more from Pacific Standard on the science of society, and to support our work, sign up for our email newsletter and subscribe to our bimonthly magazine, where this piece originally appeared. Digital editions are available in the App Store (iPad) and on Zinio (Android, iPad, PC/MAC, iPhone, and Win8), Amazon, and Google Play (Android).

Related