Who Funded That? - Pacific Standard

Who Funded That?

The names and numbers behind the research in the November/December 2013 issue of Pacific Standard.
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This list includes studies cited in our print pages that received funding from a source other than the researchers’ home institutions. Only principal or corresponding authors are listed.

FIVE STUDIES: YOUR PRIVACY SETTINGS MAKE NO SENSE
ITEM: More Facebook privacy controls may influence people to share information about more sensitive subjects.
STUDY: “Misplaced Confidences: Privacy and the Control Paradox,” Social Psychological and Personality Science, May 2013
AUTHOR: Laura Brandimarte, H. John Heinz III College, Carnegie Mellon University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: U.S. Army Research Laboratory through Carnegie Mellon’s CyLab, among the largest university-based cybersecurity research institutes in the U.S., and the Team for Research in Ubiquitous Secure Technology, which receives support from the National Science Foundation and corporations including Intel, Microsoft, Symantec, and IBM. The Army Research Office funds science research by companies, educational institutions, and non-profits “to develop and improve weapons systems that establish land dominance.”

ITEM: The effect of “privacy nudges” for Facebook users.
STUDY: “Privacy Nudges for Social Media: An Exploratory Facebook Study,” Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web, 2013
AUTHOR: Yang Wang, School of Information Studies, Syracuse University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The National Science Foundation, and a Google Focused Research Award. Google’s Focused Research Awards program supports research in machine learning, the use of cell phones as data collection devices in science, energy efficiency in computing, and privacy.

THE AFFORDABLE CALORIE ACT
ITEM: Four out of five controlled studies found no evidence that labeling reduces calorie consumption at chain restaurants.
STUDY: “Impact of Menu Labeling on Consumer Behavior: A 2008-2012 Update,” Healthy Eating Research, June 2013
AUTHOR: Brian E. Saelens, Seattle Children’s Hospital and Research Institute
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

ITEM: Customers in low-income neighborhoods bought more calories after labeling of menu items went into effect in New York City.
STUDY: “Calorie Labeling and Food Choices: A First Look at the Effects on Low-Income People in New York City,” Health Affairs, November/December 2009
AUTHOR: Brian Elbel, Division of General Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Healthy Eating Research, Yale University’s Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, the New York University Wagner Dean’s Fund

ITEM: People who saw menu calorie counts ate fewer calories than those who didn’t, then went home and ate an average of almost 300 calories more.
STUDY: “Evaluating the Impact of Menu Labeling on Food Choices and Intake,” American Journal of Public Health, February 2010
AUTHOR: Christina Roberto, Department of Psychology and the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University
OUTSIDE FUNDING: The Rudd Foundation. The Rudd Foundation seeks to change how food and wine is viewed in America. Founder Leslie Rudd also created the Rudd Group, a portfolio of high-end food businesses including Dean & DeLuca, Press Restaurant, and Rudd Farms.

SQUIRREL, INTERRUPTED
ITEM: Refugia may protect species like the Belding’s ground squirrel from climate change, at least for a time.
STUDY: “Anthropogenic Refugia Ameliorate the Severe Climate-Related Decline of a Montane Mammal Along Its Trailing Edge,” Proceedings of the Royal Society, August 2012
AUTHOR: Toni Lyn Morelli, Northeast Climate Science Center
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Science Foundation, California Landscape Conservation Cooperative, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, and the Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management at the University of California-Berkeley.

GET SERIOUS
ITEM: About 75 percent of Americans say we should consider increasing Social Security benefits.
STUDY: “Strengthening Social Security: What Do Americans Want?,” National Academy of Social Insurance, January 2013
AUTHOR: Virginia Reno, National Academy of Social Insurance
OUTSIDE FUNDING: Ford Foundation’s Building Economic Security Over a Lifetime initiative

THE VANISHING
ITEM: Current North Pacific humpback whale population figures.
STUDY: "SPLASH: Structure of Populations, Levels of Abundance and Status of Humpback Whales in the North Pacific,” U.S. Department of Commerce, May 2008
AUTHOR: John Calambokidis, Cascadia Research
OUTSIDE FUNDING: National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Pacific Life Foundation, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Commission for Environmental Cooperation

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