In a recent study, the behavior most strongly linked to a negative recommendation was abandonment.
Researchers found fraternity membership lowers a student's grade-point average by 0.25 points (on a four-point scale), but increases future income by 36.2 percent.
While the painful perception of being stigmatized discourages some potential scholars, a simple act of self-affirmation can substantially close such achievement gaps.
Men are allowed to be mavericks, but women are expected to toe the party line.
A study found that 11-year-olds who demonstrated medium or high academic ability were more likely to smoke cannabis at ages 18 to 20.
Parents are more comfortable with corporal punishment when gentler language is used to describe it.